The knees have a key role in the stability and flexibility of the body, so it is essential to take care of them if you’re a runner. In fact, athletes often suffer wear in knee cartilage that ends with pain and swelling in the knee.
Although anyone can suffer knee injuries, if you practice running take precautions to avoid injuring yourself. How? Avoid bumps and abrupt movements, eat healthy and running in a correct posture without overexertion.
Most common knee injuries in the running
- Knee sprain
The knee sprain is constituted for ligament distension and bony distension. It usually occurs when a slight strain or small tear in the fibre is formed by excess stretching of the ligaments of the knee during running.
Excessive stretching of a muscle or tendon while running.
- Injuries to the knee cartilage
Problems on the damping of the meniscus joint. This knee injury usually causes instability in the joint, so that the knee can assign or remain locked during or after running.
- Torn ACL
Common injury in professional sports where you have to run, jump and change direction, such as running or football.
- Runner’s knee
The most common case of a marathon runner is the patellar instability, a runner who suffers from pains when stands up or down stairs. In this case you should stop running a few days and avoid the pain by postural care and knee brace.
Diagnosis and injury treatment
The severity of the previous knee injuries can be diagnosed by some medical tests such as X-rays examination. Once the diagnosis of the injury has been verified, some of the recommended medical treatments are accessible:
- Protection of joint through knee brace adaptable and quality.
- Rest and often avoid flexing the knee. If necessary, use kneepads.
- Applying ice 10-20min every 2-3h or a technical orthosis with hot-cold system like the knee braces of Sport-One for a functional recovery from the injury.
- Compression and elevation of the knee by the functional orthopaedic of Teyder.
- Relief of pain with anti-inflammatory and analgesic.
- Do not go running or overexertion.
In the case of more serious knee injuries, your doctor may recommend physical therapy or surgery.
In Teyder we know that the best prevention of knee injuries is practice sport every day. The running may be an ideal sport to strengthen leg muscles and give a greater mobility to the knees, but you should avoid overexertion and perform a properly stretching before and after running.
To keep the knee strong and avoid knee injuries such as sprained knee, it is advisable to strengthen the muscles with different isometric exercises, exercises with weights and gums or work the proprioception preferably before practicing running.
Sport prevention or injuries? In Teyder we have your perfect knee braces.